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Vietnam Pacification Studies #1

Status: Available for Ordering
Date of Publication: 18 October 2003
Estimated Number of Pages: 2,182
Price: $75.00 (SE) and $25.00 (LE)

  Vietnam is involved in two simultaneous and very difficult tasks, nation building and fighting a vicious and well-organized enemy. If it could do either one alone, the task would be vastly simplified, but its got to do both at once . . . Helping Vietnam . . . may very well be the most complex problem ever faced by men in uniform anywhere on earth.
 
  This is the appraisal of America's senior military officer in South Vietnam. PROVN agrees but submits that more than "men in uniform" must face-up to this "most complex problem" -- and soon. America must come to grips with all that is involved in Vietnam. Official planning sights in Washington, and in Saigon, need raising. PROVN contends that people -- Vietnamese and American, individually and collectively -- constitute both the strategic determinants of today's conflict and "the object . . .which lies beyond" this war.
 
  Program for the Pacification and Long-Term Development of South Vietnam (PROVN)
March, 1966

Vietnam Pacification Studies #1 is the first title in a collection centered on pacification and counter-insurgency efforts in Southeast Asia.

The table of contents for each document in this collection can be viewed by clicking its link below.


Program for the Pacification and Long-Term Development of South Vietnam (PROVN)

PROVN examines the situation in South Vietnam within the context of history and in broad perspective. Specific problems of pacification and long-term development are identified, and specific actions are proposed to alleviate them. The ultimate objective; a free and independent, non-communist nation.

The United States must restructure, better manage and integrate its support effort; provide positive political guidance, under provisos for applying leverage and constraints; redirect the Republic of Vietnam-Free World military effort to achieve greater security; focus nonmilitary assistance to achieve cohesion within the Vietnamese society; and, orient socio-economic programs to exploit the critical geographic areas population and resource concentration.

PROVN submits that the United States and the Republic of Vietnam must accept the principle that success will be the sum of innumerable, small and integrated localized efforts and not the outcome of any short-duration, single master stroke.

PROVN Abstract
March 1966


Rural Pacification in Vietnam: 1962-1965

The study is concerned with the efforts of the Republic of Vietnam and its allies to establish peace in the rural areas of South Vietnam. The focus of the the study is the administration of counterinsurgency campaigns at the province level and below.

Part I deals with the context of the insurgency such as the social, political, and historical factors involved and the strategy and tactics of the communist movement in the rural areas. Part II briefly surveys the efforts to pacify the rural areas, beginning with the 1954 Civic Action programs of Ngo Dinh Diem. The strategy of the Strategic Hamlet program and its successors is analyzed as an introduction to more detailed discussions in Part III.

Part IV deals briefly with the national pacification system, with special attention to the American advisory role. Part V includes a summary evaluation of pacification efforts in Vietnam and a proposed theory and model for an improved approach to the problem. The model is an attempt to suggest a more effective system of program implementation through application of some of the more simple principles of the PERT (Program Evaluation and Review Technique) system to the complex management problems involved in pacification.

Rural Pacification in Vietnam: 1962-1965 Abstract
May 1966


The American Experience with Pacification in Vietnam

The study derives doctrinal and operational lessons from the US experience with pacification in South Vietnam to guide US policy-makers in providing technical assistance and advice in the future to a friendly government facing an internal security problem.

Volume I presents a synthesis of the study's findings and the major lessons learned. Based on those lessons, the volume concludes with some specific recommendations for courses of action by US policymakers.

Volume II examines in considerable detail the major elements of pacification: reporting and evaluation systems; and the US and GVN organization for pacification. In addition, some problem areas (e.g., land reform, refugees, US economic aid) are also discussed.

Volume III opens with an account of the Malayan and Philippine insurgencies and the lessons learned there and then traces in detail the evolution of the pacification plans and programs in Vietnam from the French-Indochina war to the present.

The American Experience with Pacification in Vietnam document Abstract
March 1972


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