The American Experience with Pacification in Vietnam
Volume III: History of Pacification

TABLE OF CONTENTS


LIST OF ACRONYMSix
 
PART ONE: OTHER PACIFICATION EXPERIENCES1
COMPARISONS BETWEEN THE VIETNAM EXPERIENCE AND THE PHILIPPINE AND MALAYAN EXPERIENCES3
A.INTRODUCTION3
B.LANSDALE ON THE PHILIPPINES3
C.THOMPSON ON MALAYA5
I.THE PHILIPPINE EXPERIENCE9
A.BEGINNINGS10
B.PEOPLE'S WAR13
C.LINCOLNIAN YARDSTICK22
II.THE MALAYAN EXPERIENCE.31
A.HISTORICAL BACKGROUND31
B.THE ENEMY AND THE COURSE OF THE INSURGENCY36
C.FACTORS AFFECTING THE GOVERNMENT RESPONSE40
D.COMMAND AND MANAGEMENT47
E.ISOLATING THE GUERRILLA51
F.POLICE, INTELLIGENCE, AND PSYWAR56
G.MILITARY AND PARAMILITARY59
H.COMPARISONS WITH SOUTH VIETNAM61
 
PART TWO: EVOLUTION OF PACIFICATION IN VIETNAM65
I.PACIFICATION LESSONS LEARNED BY THE FRENCH IN INDOCHINA, 1945-195467
A.ENVIRONMENT67
B.MAJOR MILITARY DEVELOPMENTS76
C.PACIFICATION IN THE SOUTH81
D.PACIFICATION IN THE NORTH89
E.INCUBATION OF LESSONS LEARNED95
F.ASSESSMENT108
II.EARLY VIETNAMESE PACIFICATION EFFORTS, 1954-1961115
A.INTRODUCTION115
B.DIEM'S EARLY PACIFICATION EFFORTS120
C.THE AGROVILLE PROGRAM126
D.IMPLEMENTATION140
E.EARLY SECURITY-RELATED EFFORTS145
F.VC REACTION TO AGROVILLES151
G.CONCLUSION154
III.STRATEGIC HAMLET PROGRAM, 1961-1963159
A.BACKGROUND159
B.STRATEGIC HAMLET CONCEPT163
C.ORGANIZATION167
D.IMPLEMENTATION176
E.ENEMY RESPONSE188
F.PROGRESS OF PROGRAM192
IV.CHIEN THANG-HOP TAC PACIFICATION PLANS, 1964-1965199
A.ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS199
B.THE CHIEN THANG PLAN204
C.ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION217
D.IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CHIEN THANG-HOP TAC PLANS224
E.CONCLUSION234
V.1966 AND 1967 PACIFICATION PLANS237
A.ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS237
B.PACIFICATION, 1966242
C.PACIFICATION, 1967258
VI.PACIFICATION AND DEVELOPMENT, 1968-1969269
A.PACIFICATION ENVIRONMENT269
B.POST-TET PACIFICATION EFFORTS280
C.THE ACCELERATED PACIFICATION CAMPAIGN284
D.1969 PACIFICATION AND DEVELOPMENT PLAN290
VII.COMMUNITY DEFENSE AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT 1970-1971301
A.ENVIRONMENT301
B.1970 PACIFICATION AND DEVELOPMENT PLAN304
C.EIGHT MAIN OBJECTIVES306
D.SUPPLEMENTARY PROGRAMS317
E.HAMLET EVALUATION SYSTEM, 1970322
F.1971 COMMUNITY DEFENSE AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN325
 
MAP OF SOUTH VIETNAM ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS332
ANNEX: LIST OF PEOPLE INTERVIEWED AND CONSULTED333