MACV Command History. 1966

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Title Pagei
Letter of Promulgationii
Distributioniii
Table of Contentsv
Frontispiecexii
CONTENTS:
CHAPTER I - SETTING THE STAGE
INTRODUCTION1
THE ENEMY2
FRIENDLY FORCES3
THE DIPLOMATIC SCENE4
The United States Position5
The North Vietnamese Position5
The South Vietnamese Internal Situation7
Footnotes9

CHAPTER II - THE ENEMY
THE ROLE OF NORTH VIETNAM11
The Leadership of North Vietnam11
Relations with Moscow and Peking12
Soviet Aid to NVN13
Chinese Communist Aid to NVN14
North Vietnam's Armed Forces15
Viet Cong and NVA Forces in South Vietnam16
NVA/VC Strategy and Tactics19
INFILTRATION INTO RVN22
Infiltration through Laos23
Infiltration through the Demilitarized Zone24
ICC Efforts to Check Infiltration26
Infiltration through Cambodia27
Maritime Infiltration28
Exploitation of Stand-Down Periods30
ENEMY OPERATIONS IN RVN31
Operations in I Corps Tactical Zone31
Operations in II Corps Tactical Zone38
Operations in III Corps Tactical Zone42
Operations in IV Corps Tactical Zone45
ENEMY SUPPORT OPERATIONS48
Enemy Logistics48
Enemy Weapons51
Enemy Intelligence53
Viet Cong Tax Collection54
VC EFFORTS TO DISRUPT GVN ELECTIONS55
THE ENEMY SITUATION AT YEAR'S END58
Footnotes60

CHAPTER III - THE INCREASING TEMPO
THE TROOP BUILDUP65
US Army Buildup and Deployment65
Free World Military Assistance Force Deployments82
Additional FWMAF Support for RVN83
Republic of Korea Forces86
Additional Australian Forces for RVN92
New Zealand Assistance to RVN94
Philippine Assistance to RVN95
Republic of China (ROC) Contributions97
Thai Assistance to RVN98
Spanish Medical Assistance100
RVNAF Deployments and Strengths100
The RVNAF Buildup101
The Desertion Problem103
ARVN Strength and Organization105
Regional and Popular Forces108
Civilian Irregular Defense Groups (CIDG)110
National Police and Armed Combat Youth111
VNAF Equipage Changes112
VNN Buildup113
Buildup of VNMC115
RVNAF Training116
National Training Centers117
RVNAF Command Leadership Program118
RVNAF Deployments121
USMC Buildup122
USAF Buildup and Deployment125
USN/USCG Buildup and Deployment - the MDMAF132
THE COMMAND POSTURE144
Morale and Welfare144
Living Conditions144
Post/Base Exchange Program148
The Rest and Recuperation Program150
Out-of-Country R&R150
In-Country R&R159
Tour Length160
Awards and Decorations164
Uniformed Services Savings Deposit Program173
The USO in RVN173
American Red Cross175
Postal Operations175
Discipline, Law and Order178
Military Justice178
Criminal Acts Against Vietnamese184
Foreign Claims Against the US Government 185
Black Market186
Corruption189
Currency Control189
Narcotics and Marihuana191
Physical Security of US Personnel and Installations191
The Threat to Saigon192
Terrorism194
Examples of VC Terrorism194
Measures Against Terrorist Attacks196
Port and Shipping Security197
Security of the Nha Be Tank Farm200
Airfield Security201
Footnotes205

CHAPTER IV - BROADENING THE LOGISTICAL BASE
BACKGROUND AND CONCEPTS230
SUPPLY236
Common Supply System236
III MAF Logistical Support238
MARKET TIME and GAME WARDEN Forces239
Transfer of HEDSUPPACT Functions239
Common Stockage Objectives and Reduced Stockage Levels242
Transfer of USA Logistical Functions244
Supply and Distribution245
Class I245
Classes II and IV247
Class III249
Class V253
Special Air Munitions Problems259
2.75-inch Rocket260
Bombs261
Other Air Munitions263
Naval Munitions265
Ground Munitions266
Expedited Supply Procedures269
Automatic Resupply System270
USA Red Ball Express271
USAF Speed Through Air Resupply (STAR)272
USMC Red Ball Express272
USMC CRITIPAC272
US Navy Casualty Report System (CASREPT)273
FLAGPOLE273
HAWK Missile Parts274
Non-Standard End Items for the 1st Cav Div (AM)274
Machine Accounting275
Traffic Management Agency275
MAINTENANCE276
7th Air Force277
III MAF278
USN Component280
US Army Vietnam281
THE MILITARY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM284
THE CASE OF THE M-16 RIFLE289
THE MILITARY AIRLIFT COMMAND292
LINES OF COMMUNICATION294
Railroads294
Ports296
The Aerial LOC300
COMMUNICATIONS306
Tactical Systems306
Integrated Wideband Communications System (IWCS)308
Project 439L311
SEAITACS311
Project Talk Quick312
Satellite Communications - Pacific313
Radio Frequency Allocations314
Propagation Problems - Time Block 2316
Security of Installations - Use of Civilians316
TV and Radio in RVN318
Television318
Radio320
Footnotes321

CHAPTER V - MILITARY OPERATIONS - THE ROAD TO SUCCESS
THE STRATEGY338
GROUND OPERATIONS350
Rules of Engagement353
The DMZ353
Laotian Border355
Cambodian Border356
Operations in I CTZ359
Small Unit Operations in I CTZ369
Operations in II CTZ371
Operations in III CTZ380
Operations in IV CTZ387
AIR SUPPORT OF GROUND OPERATIONS390
Air Support for Search-and-Destroy Operations393
B-52 ARC LIGHT Program395
DMZ Air Operations398
ARC LIGHT Bombing Assessment400
USMC Air Operations in I CTZ402
Herbicide Operations403
NAVAL OPERATIONS404
Organization and Control404
Operation MARKET TIME405
The Point Grey Trawler Incident406
The Point League Trawler Incident407
Operation GAME WARDEN409
SEVENTHFLT Operations410
Air Operations410
Naval Gunfire Support410
Operations SEA DRAGON and TRAFFIC COP411
AMPHIBIOUS OPERATIONS415
AIR OPERATIONS OUT-OF-COUNTRY420
Weapons Employment in Laos426
Photo Reconnaissance Out-of-Country427
Extension of TIGER HOUND Concept to NVN Panhandle428
USAF ROLLING THUNDER Operations in NVN429
Footnotes436

CHAPTER VI - THE US ADVISORY EFFORT
THE RVNAF IN 1966451
The Effect of the US Buildup on the Advisory Effort452
RVNAF Pay Scales455
ARVN and Its US Army Advisors458
ARVN Effectiveness460
Sector and Subsector Advisory Program468
The VNAF Advisory Programs473
VNAF Organization476
US Navy Advisory Program482
US Marine Advisory Program488
Footnotes493

CHAPTER VII - PACIFICATION AND NATION-BUILDING
FROM RURAL CONSTRUCTION TO REVOLUTIONARY DEVELOPMENT501
The Rural Construction Program at Year's Beginning501
US Planning for RC Support503
The Ministry of Revolutionary Development506
The PROVN Study510
The RD Cadre Program Develops512
A Critical Evaluation of the RD Program518
Methods to Improve Revolutionary Development Support522
The US Mission Reorganizes for Better RD Support533
Measurement of Progress540
RD Planning for 1967548
The RD Program at Year's End551
PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS554
Background554
Organization and Planning555
The Chieu Hoi Program558
Leaflet and Broadcasting Operations567
Psyops Campaigns and Themes567
Fact Sheet Operations571
The Trail Campaign574
Cambodia576
Civic Action Programs577
Medical Civic Action Programs584
Medical Provincial Hospital Augmentation Program585
Footnotes587

CHAPTER VIII - CONTINUING CHALLENGES
CHALLENGE AND RESPONSE IN RVN598
From Political Crisis to a Constituent Assembly598
Economic Problems and Solutions628
Vietnamese Reactions to the US Presence640
CONFLICT OF OPINION AT HOME646
The US Government Position646
Political Arguments648
US Public Opinion653
WORLD-WIDE REACTION TO THE WAR655
India657
Japan657
Indonesia657
France658
The United Kingdom659
Yugoslavia660
Reactions to Hanoi-Haiphong POL Bombing661
Asian Peace Initiatives662
The Manila Conference663
Footnotes664

A -PRISONERS OF WAR675
B -THE MONTAGNARD PROBLEM697
C -THE SAIGON PORT709
D -THE HOP TAC SECRETARIAT736
E -CONTINGENCY PLANS AND MACJ5 STUDIES743
F -CIVILIAN CASUALTIES756
G -RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT763
H -WATERWAYS CONTROL778
I -MEDICAL ACTIVITIES792
J -COMMANDERS AND PRINCIPAL STAFF OFFICERS809
K -COMMAND CHRONOLOGY814
L -GLOSSARY AND ABBREVIATIONS858
M -SPECIAL OPERATIONS (Published Separately)872

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