MACV Command History. 1972-1973. Volume 1

TABLE OF CONTENTS


LETTER OF PROMULGATIONi
PREFACEvii
TABLE OF CONTENTSix
LIST OF FIGURESxvii
OVERVIEW
INTRODUCTION1
CHAPTER 1
PRE-OFFENSIVE: JANUARY - MARCH 19729
AIR OPERATIONS IN SOUTH VIETNAM11
GROUND OPERATIONS. JANUARY - MARCH 197215
MILITARY REGION 115
MILITARY REGION 221
MILITARY REGION 325
MILITARY REGION 429

CHAPTER 2
NORTH VIETNAMESE OFFENSIVE AND STABILIZATION: APRIL - JUNE 197233
AIR OPERATIONS IN SOUTH VIETNAM ..37
GROUND OPERATIONS. APRIL - JUNE 197241
MILITARY REGION 141
MILITARY REGION 251
MILITARY REGION 357
MILITARY REGION 463

CHAPTER 3
SOUTH VIETNAMESE COUNTEROFFENSIVE: JULY - OCTOBER 197267
AIR OPERATIONS IN SOUTH VIETNAM70
GROUND OPERATIONS. JULY - OCTOBER 197273
MILITARY REGION 173
MILITARY REGION 287
MILITARY REGION 393
MILITARY REGION 497

CHAPTER 4
PREPARATION FOR THE TRUCE: NOVEMBER 1972 - JANUARY 1973103
AIR OPERATIONS IN SOUTH VIETNAM107
GROUND OPERATIONS. NOVEMBER 1972 - JANUARY 1973109
MILITARY REGION 1109
MILITARY REGION 2121
MILITARY REGION 3129
MILITARY REGION 4133

CHAPTER 5
THE LAST SIXTY-ONE DAYS: 28 JANUARY - 29 MARCH 1973137
AIR OPERATIONS IN SOUTH VIETNAM139
GROUND OPERATIONS. 28 JANUARY - 29 MARCH 1973141
MILITARY REGION 1141
MILITARY REGION 2145
MILITARY REGION 3147
MILITARY REGION 4149

A.THE ENEMYA 1
NORTH VIETNAMA 1
1973 GOALS AND STRATEGYA-1
RELATIONS WITH THE PRC AND USSRA-2
ECONOMIC SITUATIONA-2
MILITARY OPERATIONS IN THE REPUBLICA-5
ORGANIZATIONA-5
STRATEGY AND TACTICSA-5
VC/NVA ORDER OF RATTLEA-7
THE VIET CONG INFRASTRUCTUREA-7
INTELLIGENCE AND SECURITY SERVICESA-36
NORTH VIETNAMESE SECURITY SERVICE (AN NINH)A-38
NORTH VIETNAMESE CENTRAL RESEARCH AGENCY (CUC NGHIEN CUU)A-38
COSVN INTELLIGENCE ORGANIZATIONSA-39
SUPPORT ACTIVITIESA-41
RECRUITMENTA-41
NVA/VC LOGISTICS ORGANIZATIONA-41
FACILITIESA-43
OUTSIDE THE REPUBLICA-45
IN-COUNTRY LOGISTICSA-49
NEW WEAPONS AND EQUIPMENTA-49
1972 ENEMY ACTIVITIESA-51
FIRST QUARTER ACTIVITIESA-51
SECOND AND THIRD QUARTER ACTIVITIESA-53
FOURTH QUARTER ACTIVITIESA-57
1973 ENEMY ACTIVITIESA-61
THE KHMER REPUBLICA-63
NVN GOALS AND STRATEGYA-63
MILITARY ACTIVITIESA-64
LAOSA-67
COMMUNIST CONTROL MECHANISMA-67
ENEMY STRATEGY AND MILITARY OPERATIONSA-67
PEACE NEGOTIATIONS .A-69

B.AIR AND NAVAL OPERATIONSB-1
AIR OPERATIONSB-1
RULES OF ENGAGEMENTB-1
RESPONSE OF AIR ASSETS TO THE NVA BUILDUP AND OFFENSIVEB-2
AIR OPERATIONS OVER NORTH VIETNAMB-4
JANUARY THROUGH MARCH 1972B-4
THE OFFENSIVEB-5
APRIL AND MAY 1972B-5
LINEBACKER 1B-8
JUNE - SEPTEMBER 1972B-9
AIR TO AIR COMBAT - THE MIG KILLERSB-12
OCTOBER 1972 - JANUARY 1973B-12
LINEBACKER IIB-14
ENEMY AIR DEFENSE THREATB-15
AIR OPERATIONS IN THE KHMER REPUBLICB-19
AIR OPERATIONS OVER LAOSB-22
USAF AIR OPERATIONSB-27
TACTICAL AIR (TACAIR)B-28
SAC ADVONB-30
USE OF ARC LIGHT SORTIESB-31
AERIAL REFUELINGB-31
FIXED WING GUNSHIPSB-33
CREDIBLE CHASE COMBAT EVALUATIONB-35
HERBICIDESB-36
SEARCH AND RESCUEB-36
AIRLIFT IN THE REPUBLIC OF VIETNAMB-39
COMBAT AIRDROPS IN SOUTH VIETNAMB-40
USAF PARTICIPATION IN PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONSB-42
US ARMY AVIATIONB-45
1ST AVIATION BRIGADE AVIATION SUPPORT TO ROKFVB-47
TACTICAL DOCTRINEB-48
INTRODUCTION OF AIRBORNE ANTITANK MISSILESB-48
ENEMY AIR DEFENSEB-48
USE OF THE AIR CAVALRY UNITSB-48
NIGHT HAWK AND NIGHT OPERATIONSB-49
VNAF HELICOPTER AUGMENTATION PLANB-50
1ST AVIATION BRIGADE FLYING SAFETY RECORDB-50
ARMY AVIATION AIRLIFTB-50
AEROMEDICAL EVACUATION DETACHMENTS (DUSTOFF)B-50
US NAVAL AIR OPERATIONSB-51
CVA DISPOSITIONB-51
USE OF SMART ORDNANCEB-55
US MARINE CORPS AVIATIONB-60
USMC REDEPLOYMENTSB-60
EMPLOYMENT OF USMC AIR ASSETSB-61
NAVAL OPERATIONSB-62
INTRODUCTIONB-62
MINE WARFAREB-63
SURFACE OPERATIONS OFF NORTH VIETNAMB-66
NAVAL GUNFIRE IN SOUTH VIETNAM [page missing]B-68
USE OF AMPHIBIOUS VESSELS [page missing]B-68
CAUSEWAY OPERATIONS AT WUNDER BEACH [page missing]B-70
MOBILE LOGISTICS SUPPORT FORCE [page missing]B-70

C.MILITARY ASSISTANCE TO THE RVNAFC-1
ORGANIZATION FOR ADVISORY ASSISTANCEC-1
NATIONAL OBJECTIVESC-1
(U.S. OBJECTIVES IN VIETNAMC-1
GOVERNMENT OF VIETNAM NATIONAL OBJECTIVESC-1
THE COMUSMACV MISSIONC-2
EVOLUTIONC-2
1972 MISSION STATEMENTC-2
TERMS OF REFERENCEC-2
FUNCTIONS OF COMUSMACVC-3
COMMAND RESPONSIBILITIESC-3
RESPONSIBILITIES AND FUNCTIONS OF COMUSMACVC-3
SEACOORD REPRESENTATIVEC-4
MILITARY ASSISTANCE FUNCTIONSC-4
PACIFICATION FUNCTIONSC-5
U.S. MISSION COUNCIL MEMBERC-5
MACV SERVICE COMPONENT COMMANDERSC-6
1972 MACV SERVICE COMPONENT COMMANDS AND SUBORDINATE COMMANDS AND UNITSC-6
RESPONSIBILITIES AND COMMAND RELATIONSHIPS OF COMPONENT COMMANDS, SUBORDINATE COMMANDS AND ATTACHED UNITS OF USMACVC-6
CG, USARV/MACV SUPCOMC-6
CDR, 7AFC-7
REGIONAL ASSISTANCE COMMANDS (RAC)C-7
ARMY ADVISORY GROUP (AAG)C-8
NAVAL ADVISORY GROUP (NAG)C-9
AIR FORCE ADVISORY GROUP (AFGP)C-9
MACV SPECIAL TROOPS (MACST)C-10
525TH MILITARY INTELLIGENCE GROUPC-10
509TH RADIO RESEARCH GROUPC-10
SUB-UNIT ONE. 1ST ANGLIGOC-10
131ST AVIATION COMPANY (AS)C-10
VIETNAM REGIONAL EXCHANGEC-11
(RVNAF AND FWMAF RELATIONSHIPSC-11
IMPROVING THE RVNAF FORCE STRUCTUREC-11
BACKGROUNDC-11
FY73 FORCE STRUCTURE PLANNINGC-12
FORCE STRUCTURE REVIEWC-12
FORCE STRUCTURE RECOMMENDATIONSC-12
FORCE STRUCTURE CHANGESC-12
THE 8/72 COMMITTEEC-14
LONG RANGE RVNAF FORCE STRUCTURE PLANC-15
RVNAF MANPOWER PROCUREMENTC-16
MOBILIZATION EFFORTS DURING 1972C-18
ARVN STRENGTH AND FORCE STRUCTUREC-18
VNN STRENGTH AND FORCE STRUCTUREC-20
VNAF STRENGTH AND FORCE STRUCTUREC-20
VNMC STRENGTH AND FORCE STRUCTUREC-21
TERRITORIAL FORCES STRENGTH AND FORCE STRUCTUREC-21
WOMEN'S ARMED FORCES CORPSC-23
REVIEW OF FY74 FORCE STRUCTUREC-23
FY74 FORCE STRUCTURE PROPOSALSC-23
COMMENTS OF JCS SPECIAL ITEMS OF INTERESTC-24
RVNAF LEADERSHIPC-25
LEADERSHIP EVALUATION AND STRUCTUREC-25
OFFICER AND NCO PROMOTIONSC-28
RVNAF DESERTIONSC-28
ARMY ADVISORY GROUPC-30
MACV TRAINING DIRECTORATE: PREDECESSOR OF THE ARMY ADVISORY GROUPC-30
FORMATION OF THE ARMY ADVISORY GROUPC-32
RVNAF TRAINING, IMPROVEMENT, AND MODERNIZATIONC-35
MOTIVATIONAL TRAININGC-35
TRAINING CENTERSC-37
COMBINED ARMS TRAININGC-37
ADVANCED MARKSMANSHIP PROGRAMC-38
INNOVATIONS IN RVNAF TRAININGC-39
FREE WORLD FORCES ASSISTANCE TO RVNAF TRAININGC-39
EFFECTS OF THE NGUYEN HUE OFFENSIVE ON RVNAF TRAININGC-40
VIETNAMESE SERVICE SCHOOLSC-42
VIETNAMESE NATIONAL MILITARY ACADEMYC-42
THU DUCC-42
INFANTRY SCHOOLC-43
ARMOR SCHOOLC-44
ARTILLERY SCHOOLC-44
ENGINEER SCHOOLC-45
COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGEC-45
NATIONAL DEFENSE COLLEGEC-46
POLITICAL WARFARE COLLEGEC-46
SIGNAL SCHOOLC-47
ORDNANCE SCHOOLC-47
TRANSPORTATION SCHOOLC-47
MEDICAL SCHOOLC-47
LANGUAGE SCHOOLC-48
OFFSHORE TRAINING PROGRAMC-48
FANK TRAINING, IMPROVEMENTS AND MODERNIZATIONC-49
THE COMBAT ARMS COMMANDSC-49
ARMOR COMMANDC-50
ARTILLERY COMMANDC-50
RANGER COMMANDC-50
AIRBORNE DIVISIONC-51
NAVAL ADVISORY GROUPC-51
NAG ORGANIZATIONC-52
VIETNAMESE NAVY (VNN) ORGANIZATIONC-52
BACKGROUNDC-53
DEPENDENT SHELTER PROGRAMC-55
FORCE STRUCTUREC-55
COASTAL SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMC-55
COASTAL SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM EVALUATIONC-60
DEEP WATER OPERATIONSC-60
NOTIFICATION LINEC-60
GUNFIRE SUPPORTC-60
ADVISORY EMPHASISC-60
PROBLEM AREAS FACED BY ADVISORS AT FLEET COMMANDC-60
RIVERINE WARFAREC-61
LIEN DOI NHOUI NHIA (LDNN) FORCESC-63
SEAL FORCESC-63
SALVAGEC-63
EOD OPERATIONSC-63
HARBOR DEFENSEC-63
LOGISTICSC-65
INSPECTIONSC-65
SUPPLY FUNDINGC-66
SUPPLY PROBLEMSC-66
VNN SHIPYARDC-66
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE SYSTEMC-69
MEDICAL FACILITIESC-69
TRAININGC-69
SUMMARYC-70
U.S. MARINE ADVISORY EFFORTC-70
U.S. AIR FORCE ADVISORY GROUPC-72
INTRODUCTIONC-72
MISSIONC-72
ORGANIZATIONC-72
RELATIONS WITH VNAFC-73
OPERATIONSC-74
FIGHTER ACTIVITYC-74
FIGHTERS RECEIVED UNDER PROJECT ENHANCE PLUSC-74
VNAF SUPPORT OF CAMBODIAN CONVOYSC-74
MILITARY AIRLIFTC-75
HELICOPTER ACTIVITYC-76
UH-1H HELICOPTERS RECEIVED UNDER PROJECT ENHANCE PLUSC-77
CH-47 HELICOPTER PROGRAM ACCELERATED UNDER ENHANCE PLUS TRAININGC-77
NOTABLE WEAKNESSES IN TRAINING PROGRAMSC-79
VNAF SQUADRON ACTIVATIONSC-80
TACTICAL AIR CONTROLC-80
INTELLIGENCEC-81
LOGISTICSC-81
MAINTENANCE SUPPORTC-82
EVALUATIONC-83
SUMMARYC-84
FREE WORLD MILITARY ASSISTANCE FORCESC-84
REPUBLIC OF KOREAC-85
AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALANDC-85
THAILANDC-87
THE PHILIPPINESC-87
REPUBLIC OF CHINAC-89

D.REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM DEVELOPMENTD-1
ECONOMIC AFFAIRSD-1
REVIEW OF THE ECONOMY OF THE REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM, 1972D-2
REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM ECONOMIC PROGRAM AND POLICIESD-2
MONETARY STABILITYD-2
FOREIGN SECTORD-3
AGRICULTURAL SECTORD-4
DOD SUPPORT PROGRAMSD-4
MILITARY-ECONOMIC INTERRELATIONSHIPSD-5
NONPARTICIPATION BY THE MILITARY IN COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIESD-5
RVNAF COMMISSARY SYSTEMD-5
RVNAF FARM PROGRAMD-6
COMBINED COMMITTEE ON RVNAF PAY IMPROVEMENTSD-6
MILITARY MANPOWERD-7
ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF THE RVNAF MIDRANGE FORCE STRUCTURE STUDYD-8
OTHER MACEA ACTIVITIESD-8
CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENTD-8
MONITORING THE VIETNAMESE ECONOMYD-8
GOVERNMENT OF VIETNAM AND MOND BUDGET ..D-9
PROJECTED FOREIGN AIDD-9
DREYFUS REPORTD-9
SUMMARYD-9
COMMUNITY DEFENSE AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENTD-10
OVERVIEWD-12
LOCAL SELF-DEFENSED-12
PEOPLE'S SELF-DEFENSE FORCED-12
NATIONAL POLICED-14
THE CHIEU HOI PROGRAMD-16
LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENTD-18
LOCAL SELF-DEVELOPMENTD-20
RURAL CREDIT PROGRAM ...D-21
VILLAGE SELF-DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMD-23
LAND REFORMD-24
RELATED PROGRAMSD-25
WAR VICTIMSD-26
SPECIAL PROGRAMSD-29
URBAND-29
ETHNIC MINORITIESD-29
ELIMINATION OF SOCIAL EVILSD-30
HAMLET EVALUATION SYSTEMD-30
PACIFICATION ATTITUDE ANALYSIS SYSTEMD-30
IMPACT OF THE ENEMY INVASIOND-31
LOCAL SELF-DEFENSED-31
TERRITORIAL FORCESD-32
PEOPLE'S SELF-DEFENSE FORCED-33
NATIONAL POLICED-33
THE CHIEU HOI PROGRAMD-35
LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENTD-35
REVENUE IMPROVEMENTD-35
ADMINISTRATIVE REFORMD-36
YOUTH ACTIVITIESD-36
PEOPLE'S INFORMATIOND-37
LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENTD-37
VILLAGE SELF-DEVELOPMENT AND RURAL CREDITD-37
NATIONAL FUND FOR LOCAL DEVELOPMENTD-38
PUBLIC WORKSD-39
LAND REFORMD-40
EDUCATIOND-41
WAR VETERANSD-41
WAR VICTIMSD-42
SPECIAL PROGRAMSD-42
URBAN DEVELOPMENTD-42
HEALTHD-42
ETHNIC MINORITIESD-43
ERADICATION OF SOCIAL EVILSD-43
STAND-DOWND-43

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