MACV Command History. 1965

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Title Pagei
Letter of Promulgationii
Distributioniii
Table of Contentsiv
Republic of Vietnam (Map)ix
CONTENTS:
Chapter I - THE YEAR OF DECISION1
Introduction1
The Situation1
The Viet Cong Challenge4
VC Operations During the Year4
VC Tactics and Techniques9
Infiltration11
Estimate of Enemy Courses of Action14
GVN Instability16
Political Problems16
Economic Problems20
The Montagnard Problem22
US Press and the Home Front23
Decisions26
Footnotes313
Chapter II - THE BUILDUP28
Introduction28
US Forces28
US Marine Corps28
US Army37
US Air Force46
US Navy54
RVN Forces57
General57
ARVN and Paramilitary Forces60
VNAF64
VNN67
VNMC70
Free World Military Forces71
The US Advisory Program74
USMACV Advisory Program Expansion74
US Army Advisory Program75
Army-Marine Field Advisory Elements75
Subsector Advisory Program76
Special Forces Advisory Program77
Interaction - US Buildup & Advisory Program80
US Encadrement81
Infusion Program82
US Air Force Advisory Program82
US Navy Advisor Program86
Evaluation of VNN88
US Marine Corps Advisory Program89
Command and Control90
USMACV Headquarters91
Deputy COMUSMACV92
Joint Service Representation93
Training Directorate94
POLWAR Advisory Directorate94
Director of Army MAP Logistics94
Free World Military Assistance Office94
Combat Operations Center95
MAP Directorate95
Command Relationships96
US Army Vietnam96
US Army Field Forces and Advisory HQ97
US Air Force99
US Navy/Marines/Coast Guard99
Combined Command Arrangements100
COMUSMACTHAI102
Communications103
Inter-Agency Relationships103
Expanding the Base103
1st Logistical Command104
Logistical Support System106
Supply and Maintenance109
Class I109
Class II & IV110
Class III111
Class V114
Shortages114
(Logistic Troop Support117
Port Congestion118
Lines of Communication120
Base Development123
Military Assistance Program128
RVN Defense Budget132
Comptroller Advisory Efforts133
Logistics Staff Changes134
Footnotes315
Chapter III - THE STRATEGY137
Introduction137
RVNAF Plan AB-139137
COMUSMACV Concept of Operations141
Phase I144
Phase II146
Phase III148
Special Forces Concepts148
Naval Support of Phase I & II149
Combat and Logistical Air Support151
Rural Construction/Pacification152
Psychological Operations153
RVNAF Plan AB 140/US-RVNAF Plan AB 141155
Contingency Plans156
Footnotes334
Chapter IV - THE EMPLOYMENT161
Introduction161
Types of Operations161
US Marine Operations162
US Army Operations166
US Navy and VNN Operations172
Market Time172
RVNAF Amphibious Operations175
Naval Gunfire Operations176
7th Fleet Air Support179
US Air Force and VNAF Operations180
In-Country Operations180
Control of Air Firepower187
B-52 Strikes190
Rolling Thunder199
Yankee Team/Barrel Roll/Steel Tiger/Tiger Hound208
ARVN Operations217
VNMC Operations227
Other Operational Activities228
Pacification Progress229
Extension of Hop Tac Concept231
Economic Warfare248
Psychological Operations252
Integration of US PsyOps Activities,253
USMACV Troop Indoctrination in Civic Action255
USMACV Civic Action Program255
Footnotes336
Chapter V - THE OUTCOME257
Buildup257
Reactions259
Accomplishments and Problems261
The Future264
Footnotes346

TABLES
I-1Viet Cong Incidents, 1965267
I-2VC/NVA Personnel Strengths in RVN268
II-1Monthly Strengths-US Forces-1965269
II-2RVNAF Desertion - 1965270
II-3RVNAF Losses - 1965271
II-4RVN Forces Month End Strengths - 1965272
II-5Buildup, Free World, 1965273
II-6MACV Personnel Strengths274
II-7Key Personnel Listing - 31 Dec 65276
III-1Missions of RVNAF278
III-2Contingency Plans - 1 Jan 65279
III-3 Contingency Plans - 1 Jan 66 280
V-1(Official Visitors to RVN Processed by MACV281
L-1Monthly Chieu Hoi Returnees, 1965462

FIGURES
I-1VC Attacks, Battalion & Company Size282
I-2VC and RVN Personnel KIA283
I-3VC Attacks by Corps Area284
I-4VC Incidents of Terrorism by Corps Area285
I-5VC Incidents of Sabotage by Corps Area286
I-6VC Incidents of Propaganda by Corps Area287
I-7VC Anti-Aircraft Incidents by Corps Area288
I-8VC Base Areas289
II-1Buildup of US Forces, 1965290
II-2US/FWMAF Deployments, 31 Dec 65291
II-3RVNAF Regular Force Organization292
II-4RVNAF Strength Buildup by Month-1965, Regular Forces293
II-5RVNAF Strength Buildup by Month-1965, Regional Forces294
II-6RVNAF Strength Buildup by Month-1965, Popular Forces295
II-7RVNAF Strength Buildup by Month-1965, CIDG296
II-8RVNAF Strength Buildup by Month-1965, National Police297
II-9USMACV Advisory Structure298
II-10Headquarters MACV Organization Chart299
II-11USMACV Command Relationships300
II-12US Logistical Concept301
II-13POL Consumption - 1965302
II-14Railroad Status, 31 Dec 65303
II-15Major Highways304
II-16C-130 Capable Airfields305
II-17In-Country Cargo Movement306
II-18Construction Locations307
II-19Port Construction Status - 1965308
IV-11965 - Aircraft Monthly Losses to Combat309
IV-2GVN-US Organization for Rural Construction310
IV-31965 Hop Tac Goals311
IV-4Joint US Public Affairs Office (JUSPAO)312
C-1Long Lines System, December 1965400
C-2Talk Quick System401

FOOTNOTES
Chapter I313
Chapter II315
Chapter III334
Chapter IV336
Chapter V346

ANNEXES
A.The Montagnard Problem347
B.Free World Military Assistance353
C.Communications377
D.Inter-Agency Relationships402
E.Port Status409
F.Base Development415
G.J5 Studies421
H.Physical Security of US Personnel and Installations424
I.Prisoners of War429
J.Morale and Welfare435
K.New Weapons and Tactics439
L.Political/Psychological Warfare448
M.Intelligence Activities465
N.Special Operations (published separately)468
Glossary469
1965 Chronology478

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